Dictionary

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z

 

" Grip "

 

A grip is a person who works on set with all of the camera support equipment. They organise camera mounts when the director wants the camera on the side of a moving car, they move dollies, cranes, lay tracks and generally make it possible for the director to put the camera in more places than just on a tripod. A Key Grip is the person in charge, and reports directly to the Director of Photography.

[from rec.arts.movies]

A

Age

This term is used to refer to the process of marking a new object, say, a mailbox, look older; giving it a used look, such as old clothes, signs, and so forth.

B

Beaver board

Usually an eighth apple box with a baby plate nailed onto it, for placing a lamp at low angles.Also called a skid plate.

Bottomer

Used to flag off or block unwanted light from the bottom of a light source.Also called a bottom shelf.

Branchalories

When a limb or branch from a tree is placed in front of a light to cause a pattern.

Butterfly kit

Assorted nets, silks, solids, and grifflons used for light control usually 5ft. X 5ft. Or 6ft. X 6ft. frame sizes, but this only a general statement. Commonly a 12ft. X 12ft. Or 20ft. X 20ft. is called a butterfly kit (they should be called an overhead kit). The term butterfly now generally means a kit containing one single, one double, one silk, one solid, one frame, and one grifflon.

C

Camera left

To the left of what the camera sees.

Camera right

To the right of what thr camera sees.

Celo

A cucoloris made of wire mesh material used to give a pattern of bright and darker spots when used in front of a light.

Cheated

Avoiding an object for a better shot.

Cherry picker

The same thing as a condor, which is listed below.

Condor

A machine with a telescoping arm on it. The arm will also boom up0, down, left, or right. Used a lot for lighting platforms. Also called a cherry picker.

Courtesy flag

A flag set for the director, DP, talent, agency, or anyone who needs shading.

Cove

This is when you tent a window or doorway to make it night during the day.

Cut

This term is used when setting a flag in front of a light to cut or remove the light from an object. A hard or sharp cut creates a hard shadow, close to the object. A soft cut is where you hold the flag or scrim closer to light source to produce a softer shadow.

D

Dp

Director of photography.

E

Ear

A flag up on the side of a light to block light. Also called a sider.

F

Feather

When a flag is set in front of a light source and you get closer to or further from the source with the flag. The shadow on the surface of an object used as a wall, for example, will feather, soften, or harden.

Fill

This is a term meaning to add a little light to the underlit side of an object.

Flair

When a light shines into the camera lens it will flair or cause a glare to form on the film.

Flood

Spreads light to overall subject.

Flying in

An object is being raced for and returned to the set in record time.

Freebie-psa (public service announcement):

A film project for which the crew usually will receive no pay. (It’s a way to give something back to the industry for being so good to you.)

G

Gaffer

Head electrician.

Gaffers tape

Duct tape. Also called grip tape or cloth tape.

Gary coleman

A short C-stand.

Gel

Usually a transparent cellophane material used for changing the color of a light, either for visual effect or correct film exposure.

Gobo head

A grip head or C-stand head used as a clamping device for holding equipment.

Grip head

A C-stand head, also called a gobo head, used as a clamping device.

Grip tape

Duct tape. Also called gaffers tape or cloth tape.

H

Hand shoes

Work gloves.

Hero

The absolutely perfect product or item to be filmed, such as perfectpizza, perfect candy bar, perfect cornflake, and so forth.

History

Same as lost it, no longer there, gone, just a memory.

Hot set

Don’t move anything. More filming to be done.

J

Juicer

Eletician, sparks.

K

Kick

This term is used when an object has shine on it or a shine is to be redirected on it from another object. A kick is sort of like a reflection.

L

Legal milk crate

Not stolen from a store, but rented or bought outright.

Lexan

We use this plastic sheet material that comes ia a 4 ft. x 8 ft. sheet by many different thicknesses, some 1/8 in., in., in., 1 in., and so on for bulletproofing, well not really. It is used to protect the camera and personnel from explosions. It is optically clear and highly recommended.

Lose it

Remove it from the set, or from the surrounding area. It is no longer needed.

M

Mickey rooney

A short move on the dolly.

Mullions

The boards that hold each pane of class in and give you a French window effect.

M.O.S.

This is a term that means that no sound is recorded during the take.

Mouse

The shadow of the microphone.

N

Negative fill

A black surface used to remove unwanted light close to the actor.

Net

Using scrims (nonelectrical dimmers) to reduce the light on an abject in small amounts.

New deal

This scene is over, and we are starting on a new setup.

O

One liner

A breakdown of the script that will inform the crew what scenes will be shot that day. It will have the scene number and a bit of the story line or action that will occur.

Operator

Camera operator. Can also be the director of photography, but it does not have to be.

Overhead kit

Usually means a kit of a 12ft. x 12ft. or 20ft x 20ft set of one single, one double, one silk, one solid, one frame, and one grifflon. Commonly referred ta as a butterfly kit, although overhead kit is more descriptive.

P

Pan

Rotate camera left or right.

Playback

The video recording of the scene just shot.

Pov

Point of view. What a persons sees.

Prep

To prepare for a job. Example: to check out the equipment or camera, to ensure that they are in good working order for the job that you are going to begin.

R

Rags

Any one of the following is referred to as a rag only because it does not usually have a permanent frame affixed to it: muslin (bleached or unbleached), nets (single or double), silk, solid or grifflon.

Rope wrench

A knife to cut the rope.

S

Scout

To go to different places, or locations, to check out an area.

Scrim

Scrims are not only made from net material they can be made from wire mesh that fits right in front of a light.

Set decorator

The person who will decorate the set with the right objects for the story line. This will make a scene look real to the viewing audiance.

Sider

A flag up on the side of light to block light. Also called an ear.

Skid plate

Usually an eighth apple box with a baby plate on it, used for setting lamps at low angles. Also called a beaver board.

Soft

A gentle , pleasing light.

Spark

Electrician. Also called a juicer.

Spill

When you set a light or you are using the natural sunlight, you will be directing the light onto an object, and you will allow the light to spill or leak off the one object onto something else.

Spot

Direct all light to one point on subject:

T

Take

When a scene is shot.

Takedown

To reduce the light on an object by use of nets, scims, dimmers, or wasting light.

Teaser

Used to cut light, like a flag.

Tilt

To rotate camera up or down.

Topper

Used to flag off or block unwanted light from the top of a light source. Also called a top shelf.

Truss

A triangle metal structure used for hanging lights on and to span a large area. Sometimes called rock and roll truss.

W

Warner bros

To crop the top of an actor’s head with either a shadow or through the lens.

Waste

When you shine all the light on an object then slowly turn the light so that some of the light will miss or fall off the object.

Wing

When an object, such as a flag, is set in front of a light then moved away or closer in a semicircular motion.

Wrap

To put away all equipment or quit for the night. Go home.

Y

Y/C:

A compromise approach to COMPONENT VIDEO which does not separate RGB information, but does separate luminance and CHROMINANCE signals. Used in HI 8, S-VHS, and SP formats.

Yellow book

See CD STANDARDS.

Yuv

One of several systems for quantifying color values in print and electronic media. See COLOR SYSTEMS

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